Does a Fridge Consume a Lot of Electricity Here's What You Need to Know.

Does a Fridge Consume a Lot of Electricity in Kenya? Solved Leave a comment

As a homeowner, I always seek ways to save money on my utility bills. One of the biggest energy consumers in my home is my refrigerator. I’ve often wondered, does my fridge consume a lot of electricity?

After researching, I found that refrigerators use a significant amount of electricity. 

On average, a fridge uses between 100-300 W per month in Kenya, making it one of the highest energy users in a household. 

The amount of energy used depends on the size and type of refrigerator and how often the doors are opened and closed.

While it’s true that refrigerators consume a lot of electricity, there are ways to make them more energy-efficient. 

By keeping the fridge and freezer full, you can reduce the amount of energy needed to cool the air inside. 

Additionally, cleaning the coils on the back of the fridge can help it run more efficiently. 

With a little effort, you can reduce your fridge’s energy consumption and save money on your utility bills.

What is the Power Consumption of a Fridge?

As someone who is conscious about their energy consumption, I have often wondered about the power consumption of my fridge. 

After doing some research, I have found that the power consumption of a fridge can vary depending on a few factors.

Factors that Affect Fridge Power Consumption

  1. Size of the fridge: The larger the fridge, the more power it will consume. A small fridge with a capacity of 100 liters will consume less power than a larger fridge with 500 liters.
  2. Age of the fridge: Older fridges consume more power than newer models. This is because newer models are designed to be more energy-efficient.
  3. Temperature setting: The fridge’s temperature setting can also affect its power consumption. A fridge that is set to a lower temperature will consume more power compared to one that is set to a higher temperature.
  4. Location of the fridge: The location of the fridge can also affect its power consumption. A fridge in a hot or humid area will consume more power than one in a cool and dry area.

Does the fridge consume a lot of electricity? To give you an idea of the power consumption of a fridge, let’s look at some data. 

According to EnergySage, a home refrigerator’s power consumption is typically between 300 to 800 watts of electricity, or between 3 and 6 amps and about 120 volts. 

However, refrigerators generally have a much lower “running” wattage than their stated average wattage because they cycle on and off throughout the day.

How Much Electricity Does a Fridge Consume?

After doing some research, I found out that the amount of electricity a fridge consumes varies depending on several factors such as the age, size, and type of fridge.

Average Fridge Power Consumption

On average, a fridge consumes between 300 to 800 watts of electricity, translating to about 120 volts between 3 and 6 amps. 

However, this is just an estimate, and the actual power consumption of your fridge may vary depending on its size and age.

For example, an older fridge with a 19.0-21.4 cubic feet capacity from the 1980s may consume around 2,000 kWh per year, costing around Ksh16K annually. 

On the other hand, a newer and more energy-efficient fridge may consume less electricity, thereby reducing your electricity bill.

Calculating Fridge Electricity Usage

To calculate the electricity usage of your fridge accurately, you need to know its running wattage. 

The running wattage is the amount of power your fridge consumes when it is running. To calculate the running wattage, you can use the formula:

Running Wattage = Total Watts / 3

For example, if your fridge is rated at 600 watts, its running wattage would be 200 watts. This means that if your fridge runs for 24 hours, it will consume 4.8 kWh of electricity per day.

To estimate your fridge’s monthly electricity consumption, you can multiply its daily consumption by the number of days in a month. 

For instance, if your fridge consumes 4.8 kWh per day, it would consume 144 kWh monthly.

Tips to Reduce Fridge Electricity Consumption

As someone who wants to save on electricity bills, I have researched and found some tips on reducing fridge electricity consumption. Here are some things I have learned:

Maintain Proper Temperature Settings

Setting the fridge’s temperature too low or too high can result in higher electricity consumption. 

It is recommended to keep the fridge temperature between 37°F to 40°F (3°C to 4°C) and the freezer temperature between 0°F to 5°F (-18°C to -15°C). 

I regularly check the temperature settings using a thermometer to ensure they are within the recommended range.

Regularly Clean and Defrost the Fridge

Dirt and dust accumulation on the fridge’s coils can cause the fridge to use more electricity. 

I make sure to clean the coils at least once every six months to keep them clean. 

Additionally, I defrost the fridge regularly to prevent ice buildup, which can also increase electricity consumption.

Check the Door Seals

Damaged or worn-out door seals can cause cold air to escape from the fridge, leading to higher electricity consumption. 

I regularly check the door seals to ensure they are in good condition and replace them if necessary.

Avoid Overloading the Fridge

Overloading the fridge can cause it to use more electricity to maintain the desired temperature. 

I make sure to check the manufacturer’s recommended load and avoid putting more items than the fridge can handle. 

And I avoid putting hot or warm food in the fridge as it can also increase electricity consumption.

By following these tips, I have been able to reduce my fridge’s electricity consumption and save on electricity bills.

Related: Best #1 Fridge Buying Guide in Kenya


In conclusion, after researching and analyzing the data, I have found that refrigerators do consume a significant amount of electricity, but it is not as much as one might think. 

The average power consumption of a refrigerator in Kenya ranges from 200 to 800 watts per day, depending on the model, manufacturer, and duration it has been used.

It is essential to remember that the actual energy use of a refrigerator is typically much less than the stated wattage because they cycle on and off throughout the day. 

Moreover, newer models are designed to be more energy efficient, which means they use less power than older models.

Does the fridge consume a lot of electricity? To put things into perspective, if you have a fridge with a top freezer from the 1980s with a 19.0-21.4 cubic feet capacity, it is likely to use around 2,000 kWh per year. If you pay Ksh8.3 ($0.064)  for electricity per kWh, that means the aging refrigerator costs you about Ksh46 per day, Ksh1,380 per month, and Ksh16,560 per year.

On the other hand, a newer, more energy-efficient refrigerator can cost as little as Ksh500 per month to run. 

It is worth investing in a newer model, especially if your current refrigerator is over ten years old.

In summary, refrigerators consume significant electricity, but the actual energy use is typically much less than the stated wattage. 

As such, consider your refrigerator’s age and energy efficiency when calculating its energy consumption. 

Investing in a newer, more energy-efficient model can save money on your electricity bill in the long run.

And hey, if my math isn’t right, let me know😁.

Related: What You Should And Shouldn’t Keep in Your Fridge

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